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Natives Plants for Landscaping
 

 
Resource list:
 
 
 

Finding Out About California Native Plants

Using CNPS Calscape  (1.4 MB)
This Redbud handout explains how to use CNPS Calscape, a database that gives you access to 150 years of knowledge about the almost 7,000 plants that are native to California. With Calscape, you can identify which plants are truly native to your local area. You can then search those plants by type (annual, perennial, grass, shrub, vine, tree) and by cultivation requirements such as exposure (sun/shade) and water needs. When you grow native plants in the areas where they evolved and naturally belong, with the right soil, sun, and water conditions, they are easier to grow, healthier, and require little or no extra water. Most plant profiles give details about how to grow the plant, its natural plant communities and associations (so you can group plants with similar needs together, and even where you can buy it.
 
 
Local Native Lists and Guides

Redbud-CNPS Native Landscape Planting Guide (1.3 MB)
This collaboration between CNPS and the Redbud Chapter includes landscaping design tips for native gardens and gardening advice to keep your plants (and soil) healthy. It also includes a hand-picked list of list of California Native Trees, Shrubs, Groundcovers, Grasses, Succulents, and Vines recommended by Redbud Horticulture Chair Nancy Gilbert for Nevada and Placer County gardens. (4 pages)

Recommended Local California Natives (432 KB)
Spreadsheet includes information about more than 125 trees and shrubs; perennials; ground covers;  grasses, rushes, and sedges; succulents; and vines.   For each plant, indicates if deciduous; whether locally native; preferred sun exposure(s); water requirements; height and width; flower color; and kinds of wildlife attracted. 
(5 pages)

Gardening with Native Plants
 
Ideas for Gardening with California Native Plants (108 KB)
Lists of selected native plants for shade, striking fall color, bird attractants, showy flowering shrubs, butterfly and beneficial insect attractants, riparian habitat restoration, sunny rock garden, foothill native grassland and wildflower field, evergreen groundcovers, deer-resistant plants, flowery montane meadow, and evergreen screening. (2 pages)
  
Landscaping with California Native Plants   (257 KB)
Brief overview of landscaping design concepts: accent, framing, and funneling; specimen; and massing. Lists of selected native plants for each concept with subcategories of tall, medium height, and low. Includes brief description of each plant. (2 pages)
 
California's Native Garden Gems: Perennials, Vines, and Shrubs for Sierra Foothill Gardens   (22.9 MB)
Slides from Redbud Horticulture Chair Nancy Gilbert's 9/21/18 presentation on California's Native Garden Gems: California Native Perennials, Vines, and Shrubs for Sierra Foothill Gardens. Provides beautiful photos and information on 87 garden-worthy California native plants, including landscape uses, cultivation tips such as sun/shade and water needs, as well as habitat value for birds, hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators. See also the handout from Nancy's presentation (below). (95 pages)
 
California Native Perennials and Shrubs for Sierra Foothill Gardens (294 KB)
Handout by Redbud Horticultural Chair Nancy Gilbert from her  presentation on "California's Native Garden Gems." It provides information on 87 of the most garden-worthy California native plants identified by Latin and common name.  Includes brief description of the landscape uses of each species, and a key indicating cultivation requirements and wildlife habitat value. (8 pages)
 
Gardening With California's Native Bulbs   (591 KB)
60 species  of bulbs are native to Nevada and Placer Counties, ranking among the most beautiful and interesting of our native plants.There is a native bulb for almost every niche in your garden -- the key to success with native bulbs is to provide the preferred habitat of the species.  With a wide range of colors, sizes, and flower shapes, these striking plants become focal points of any landscape. Most are well adapted to summer drought and all are excellent pollinator plants.
 
Native Perennial Grasses, Sedges, and Rushes for Nevada and Placer County Landscapes   (275 KB)
California was once a state dominated by vast and beautiful native grasslands and meadows. It is estimated that over 99% of these beautiful plant communities and habitat have been lost. Grasses add textures and colors to your garden that are not found in other plants, as well as uncommon beauty and drama, especially in late summer and early fall when other garden plants are waning. In memory of grasslands past, include native grasses in your landscape and garden. Includes descriptions of each plant and line drawings. (4 pages)
 
Compatible Plants Under & Around Oaks   (11 KB)
Published by the California Oak Foundation. See, particularly, page 5: "Guidelines for Oak Tree Protection." (38 pages)
 
Native plant design ideas (8.6 MB)
With information on shade gardens, fall colors, pollinators, ground covers, ponds, evergreen screens, deer resistant plants, and more.

Firewise Gardening
Recent devastating wildfires have underscored the need for firewise landscaping, but it's easy to feel overwhelmed and confused about what to do. This handout focuses on the area closest to your house, or Zone 1 -- the “lean, low and green” zone. This critical zone plays a key role in keeping your home and property safe from wildfires.  To help you develop a prioritized action plan, It provides recommendations for plants, "hardscape," and irrigation, as well as safe access for you and firefighters.
(3 pages)
 
Fire-Resistant Plants   (512 KB)
Selected Fire-Resistant Native Plants for Nevada and Placer County Landscapes. A wide variety of California native plants are fire-resistant, making them valuable components of fire-safe landscaping. Characteristics of fire-resistant plants are described (high moisture content of leaves and stems, tolerance for summer irrigation, low amounts of oils and other volatiles, etc.) and lists of commonly available fire-resistant species are provided, grouped by ground covers & vines; annuals, perennials & bulbs; shrubs; and trees. Sources for plants and seeds are also included. (2 pages)
Xeriscaping with Drought-Tolerant California Native Plants   (179 KB)
An overview of xeriscape gardening with lists of selected native plants for full sun, shade, and in between with subcategories of tall, medium height, and low. (2 pages)

 
Creating Pollinator - and Bird - Friendly Gardens

Creating Pollinator Friendly Gardens (2.3 MB)
Creating Pollinator-Friendly Gardens by Nancy Gilbert. Explains the pollination process and the unique ways in which plants and pollinators have evolved and adapted to each other to complete this process; the importance of healthy pollinator populations to our food and other crops and threats to pollinators; design guidelines for creating pollinator-friendly gardens and habitats; and lists of top California Native Pollinator Attracting Plants. (10 pages)

The Big 43 Pollinator Plants for Nevada and Placer Counties (548 KB)
UC Davis researchers have identified 43 plants that attract both pollinators and other beneficial insects to support natural ecosystems and reduce pesticide use. This list includes only local native plants..(10 pages)

Pollinator Resources  (152 KB)
List of links to online resources about pollinators from the Redbud Chapter, from CNPS, from the Xerces Society for Pollinator Conservation, and from other sources.  Includes links to  sources on ecological gardening, restoring vital relationships that are critical to pollinators and the health of our ecosystems, and protecting pollinators from pesticides. (1 page)

Butterflies and Skippers – Order Lepidoptera   (208 KB)
Annotated Checklist by Family and Subfamily for Nevada and Placer Counties, California (1st Edition) . Species are listed by common and scientific name in phylogenetic (evolutionary) order. The list also includes select life history details for each species: Flight period-when the adults can typically be seen flying in the proper habitat; diapause strategy-the life stage that hibernates through the winter; and number of broods-the number of flight periods each species can be expected to have in a normal year. (6 pages)

Hummingbirds in the Nevada and Placer County Region of the Northern Sierra Nevada (345KB)
Brief description of each of our four local species of hummingbirds, description of hummingbird feeding habits, plus other tidbits of information about hummingbirds in general. (2 pages)

California Native Plants that Attract Hummingbirds
Nevada and Placer County Region of the Northern Sierra Nevada
  (132 KB)
An overview of hummingbird gardening, including a list of our four local species and when they are here. Extensive list of native plants that attract hummingbirds, most of them native in our two counties, arranged in approximate order of blooming, with the page number for the description of each plant in the following handout (4 pages). The12-page version of this document, below, contains a full description of each plant in order of blooming.
California Native Plants that Attract Hummingbirds
Nevada and Placer County Region of the Northern Sierra Nevada
  (1.1 MB)
Same list of native plants as in the above-described handout, with a brief description of each plant, including horticultural requirements. This list is arranged alphabetically by botanical name and family. (12 pages)
 
Sierra Gooseberries and Their Pollinators   (14 KB)
Handout by Redbud Horticultural Chair Nancy Gilbert describing native pollinators of the Sierra Gooseberry.  The article includes a detailed description of the intricate inter-relationship between this native shrub and its co-adapted primary native pollinator, the Metallic Sweat Bee, with fascinating close-up photos. (6 pages)
  
Invasive Plants and Weeds
Some ornamental non-native plants crowd out native plants, create severe fire danger, and/or destroy natural habitat and native ecosystems.  This handout identifies invasive plants you should never purchase or plant -- and should remove if they are in your garden or on your property to stop further spread.
(2 pages)
 
California Native Plant Propagation