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Natives for Landscaping

Garden Path

Gardening and Landscaping with California Native Plants

Ideas for Gardening with California Native Plants   (108 KB)
Lists of selected native plants for shade, striking fall color, bird attractants, showy flowering shrubs, butterfly and beneficial insect attractants, riparian habitat restoration, sunny rock garden, foothill native grassland and wildflower field, evergreen groundcovers, deer-resistant plants, flowery montane meadow, and evergreen screening. (2 pages)

Landscaping with California Native Plants   (257 KB)
Brief overview of landscaping design concepts: accent, framing, and funneling; specimen; and massing. Lists of selected native plants for each concept with subcategories of tall, medium height, and low. Includes brief description of each plant. (2 pages)

Xeriscaping with Drought-Tolerant California Native Plants Bulbs (179KB)
An overview of xeriscape gardening with lists of selected native plants for full sun, shade, and in between with subcategories of tall, medium height, and low. (2 pages)

Fire Resistant Plants 
(1.1 MB)
Selected Fire-Resistant Native Plants for Nevada and Placer County Landscapes.  A wide variety of California native plants are fire-resistant, making them valuable components of fire-safe landscaping.   Characteristics of fire-resistant plants are described (high moisture content of leaves and stems, tolerance for summer irrigation, low amounts of oils and other volatiles, etc.) and lists of commonly available fire-resistant species are provided, grouped by ground covers & vines; annuals, perennials & bulbs; shrubs; and trees.  Sources for plants and seeds are also included. (2 pages)

 Gardening With California's Native Bulbs
(591 KB)
60 species of bulbs are native to Nevada and Placer Counties, ranking among the most beautiful and interesting of our native plants.There is a native bulb for almost every niche in your garden -- the key to success with native bulbs is to provide the preferred habitat of the species.  With a wide range of colors, sizes, and flower shapes, these striking plants become focal points of any landscape. Most are well adapted to summer drought and all are excellent pollinator plants.

Native Perennial Grasses, Sedges, and Rushes for Nevada and Placer County Landscapes (275KB)
California was once a state dominated by vast and beautiful native grasslands and meadows. It is estimated that over 99% of these beautiful plant communities and habitat have been lost. Grasses add textures and colors to your garden that are not found in other plants, as well as uncommon beauty and drama, especially in late summer and early fall when other garden plants are waning. In memory of grasslands past, include native grasses in your landscape and garden. Includes descriptions of each plant and line drawings. (4 pages)

Compatible Plants Under & Around Oaks
Published by the California Oak Foundation. See, particularly, page 5: "Guidelines for Oak Tree Protection." (38 pages)

Native plant design ideas
(8.6 MB)
With information on shade gardens, fall colors, pollinators, ground covers, ponds, evergreen screens, deer resistant plants, and more.

Using Calscape

Creating Pollinator- and Bird-Friendly Gardens

Creating Pollinator Friendly Gardens
(2.3 MB)
Creating Pollinator-Friendly Gardens by Nancy Gilbert.  Explains the pollination process and the unique ways in which plants and pollinators have evolved and adapted to each other to complete this process; the importance of healthy pollinator populations to our food and other crops and threats to pollinators; design guidelines for creating pollinator-friendly gardens and habitats; and lists of top California Native Pollinator Attracting Plants. (10 pages)

Pollinator Resources
(398 KB)

Butterflies and Skippers – Order Lepidoptera
(208 KB)
Annotated Checklist by Family and Subfamily for Nevada and Placer Counties, California (1st Edition) . Species are listed by common and scientific name in phylogenetic (evolutionary) order. The list also includes select life history details for each species: Flight period-when the adults can typically be seen flying in the proper habitat; diapause strategy-the life stage that hibernates through the winter; and number of broods-the number of flight periods each species can be expected to have in a normal year. (6 pages)

Hummingbirds in the Nevada and Placer County Region of the Northern Sierra Nevada (345KB)
Brief description of each of our four local species of hummingbirds, description of hummingbird feeding habits, plus other tidbits of information about hummingbirds in general. (2 pages)

California Native Plants that Attract Hummingbirds
Nevada and Placer County Region of the Northern Sierra Nevada

(132 KB)
An overview of hummingbird gardening, including a list of our four local species and when they are here. Extensive list of native plants that attract hummingbirds, most of them native in our two counties, arranged in approximate order of blooming, with the page number for the description of each plant in the following handout (4 pages). The12-page version of this document, below, contains a full description of each plant in order of blooming.

California Native Plants that Attract Hummingbirds
Nevada and Placer County Region of the Northern Sierra Nevada

(1.1 MB)
Same list of native plants as in the above-described handout, with a brief description of each plant, including horticultural requirements. This list is arranged alphabetically by botanical name and family. (12 pages)